According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Ohio ranks first in the number of Fentanyl seizures from July-December of 2014. Ohio reported 514 fentanyl-related fatal overdoses in 2014 compared to 92 in 2013.
Fentanyl, a synthetic and short-acting opioid analgesic, is 50-100 times more potent than morphine and approved for managing acute or chronic pain associated with advanced cancer. When Fentanyl is illicitly manufactured and sold, it is referred to as non-pharmaceutical fentanyl (NPF). NPF is sold via illegal drug markets for its heroin-like effect and is often mixed with heroin and/or cocaine as a combination product to increase its euphoric effects.
NPF-related overdoses can be reversed with naloxone. However, a higher dose or multiple doses may be required to revive a person due to high potency NPF.